T H E
J O B
S E A R C H

Introduction
Resume
The JobSearch
The Interview
Beyond The Job Search
Summary
Useful Contacts


Step 1: List your skills and interests           
Step 2: List possible job sources                        
Step 3: Contact potential employers             
Step 4: Individualize your resume           
Step 5: Fill out an application               
The Next Step



TIPS
  • Set aside sufficient time for your job search.
  • Let your friends and family know that you are looking for a job.
  • Use the telephone to save yourself time.
  • Call businesses and organizations to find out about unadvertised jobs.
  • If you have little experience or training, look for a position that offers on-the-job training.
  • For advice contact someone who is well established in the field in which you wish to work.

Hunting for a job is a big project and you will likely have a lot of questions. Don't let the questions throw you. You can be systematic in your job search and do things in an orderly way. Planning your job search will make you feel like you are getting somewhere and will prevent you from becoming frustrated.

Be prepared to put the same amount of time
into your job search that you would into a job.

It's worth learning how to search for a job. We live in a changing society and chances are that most people will have a number of different jobs during their working years. If you take the time to learn now, you will have a set of skills you will likely use many times.

To effectively search for a job, you need to know a number of things:
  • Your own skills and abilities Where to find out what jobs are currently advertised How to find out about jobs that may never be advertised
  • How to approach potential employers

This section will give you five steps to follow to put together an effective job search.

  • Step 1: List your skills and interests Step 2: List possible job sources Step 3: Contact potential employers Step 4: Individualize your resume
  • Step 5: Fill out an application

Step 1: LIST YOUR SKILLS AND INTERESTS TO TRY AND DETERMINE THE TYPE OF JOB YOU WOULD LIKE
  • Refer to your resume and closely examine your skill and abilities.

    List the type of job you would like to pursue and that you have the skills for. It is important to be comprehensive and honest with yourself. List jobs that you think you would enjoy and be good at. You may find, for example, that you really like working with people.

  • Be realistic. Don't put "architect," for example, on your list of job possiblities if you have no formal training in that field.

When you have completed your list, you should have a number of jobs that appeal to you. If you are not able to list several positions you could apply for, perhaps you need help.

  1. Canada-Saskatchewan Career and Employment Services offer a computerized program to help you explore job possiblities. Career and Employment Services offices are located in the following locations.

    Ile a la Crosse
    La Ronge
    Creigton
    Lloydminster
    Meadow Lake
    North Battleford
    Prince Albert
    Melfort
    Nipawin
    Biggar
    Saskatoon
    Humboldt
    Swift Current
    Moose Jaw
    Regina
    Yorkton
    Fort Qu'Appelle
    Weyburn
    Estevan

    Canada-Saskatchewan Career and Employment Services offer employment training assistance to employment insurance and social assistance recipients, single parents, women, Aboriginal People and people with disabilities. Check with Saskjobs.ca for the location of the office nearest you.

    Indian and Northern Affairs Canada provides counselling services for all Status Indians.

  2. Guidance and career counsellors are available at Career and Employment Service offices, regional colleges, the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology, the University of Saskatchewan, the University of Regina and most high schools.

If for some reason you are not able to visit one of the above centres to seek assistance, there are a number of people you can ask. Approach a friend or a friend of your family. Approach a teacher you like or someone from your church. Ask your parents to help, or a brother or sister. Use your imagination. You will no doubt come up with a number of people who are more than willing to help you.


YOUR JOB SEARCH DOES NOT BEGIN UNTIL YOU ARE SURE OF THE KIND OF JOB YOU ARE LOOKING FOR.

Step 2: LIST POSSIBLE JOB SOURCES

Now that you know what you are looking for, you are ready to begin your search. It is important to realize that you cannot rely on just one source. Reading the want ads in the paper every night is not enough. Unadvertised positions account for the majority of job opportunities. You must know how to find out about unadvertised jobs so that you can approach employers and let them know you are qualified and available. The following is a list of ways to find out about job openings.

If you lack experience or training, pay special
attention to places that are likely to offer on-the-job training. Large organizations are the most likely candidates, such as, department stores and large industries.

Step 3: CONTACT POTENTIAL EMPLOYERS

Now that you have a list of possible places your next step is to contact employers to find out if they have job openings or are in need of your services. There are four ways to contact employers: in person, by telephone, by mail and by electronic networking. Contacting Employers in PersonWhen contacting prospective employers in person, it is important to be well prepared. This is possibly the most effective way to make your initial contact. It allows the employer to better assess your qualifications, and they will be more likely to remember you if a job becomes available. However, if you have a long list of possible places of employment, contacting all employers in person may not be practical. You should contact the employer in person if a job advertisement directs you to do so. It is quite possible that you will not connect directly with the person you want on your first attempt. Be prepared to talk with an administrative support individual or be ready to leave your message on a voice mail or answering system. Here you may even want to write out and practice a script that you would leave.

Contacting Employers by TelephoneThe telephone is a very important tool in the job search process. You can be quaranteed that at some point during your search you will talk to a potential employer on the telephone. Use the telephone to make direct contact and open the doors of opportunity. Telephone skills are marketable job skills that many employers value. Therefore, it is critical that you prepare effectively before using this powerful tool. It would not be wise to call someone and just start talking. When you are using the telephone in a job search campaign the calls are business calls, not personal calls. When business or sales callers are promoting their products they have 20 seconds to capture the person's attention. Therefore, communication has to be to the point and concise. It is recommended that you prepare a script before making your call. Scripting is planning what you are going to say, perhaps even writing it down. The following are some basic principles you may want to follow when preparing a script:

When you are communicating with someone over the phone it is important that you follow certain principles related to telephone communication. Review the following points to know what to do and what to expect.

Telephone Script Preparation Form

You can use the following form to help you prepare your script.


Date of Call:_____________________________________

Full name and title
of contact person:_______________________________

Name of company:________________________________________

Address:_________________________________________

Telephone Number(s):______________________________

Script

Primary Objective:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Secondary Objective:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Introduction:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Lead Statement:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Body:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Conclusion:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________
Result/Comments:
__________________________________________________
__________________________________________________

Contacting Employers by Mail

You may wish to make your intitial contact by mail. A job advertisement will sometimes give only a box number or address and ask you to write for information. You may also choose to send letters of inquiry to several employers introducing yourself and asking about possible job openings. There are a number of tips that can make your inquiries more effective.

Electronic NetworkingElectronic networking allows you the opportunity to discover the hidden job market. It has become an excellent place to network for a variety of reasons including finding job leads, researching occupations, and finding support. It is estimated that 70% of individuals looking for a job find their employment through networking - email, newsgroups and live chat. Good communication skills are required to master these tools. Preparation and practice are necessary in order to be successful. Many of the skills required in telephone communication are also required when electronic networking. Here are some general tips to assist you in networking.

The main purpose of networking is to build relationships - many of which may last long beyond your job search. When you are networking you are not just simply asking people for a job or if they know of any openings. To be productive you may want to participate in Usenet Newsgroups or IRC Chat discussions relating to your occupation. There are several of these groups on the Internet and most professional occupations are represented. Once you have decided on a couple groups, be consistent. Be sure to regularly follow discussions. When first starting it is generally a good idea to just listen without participating. Once you are familiar with the tone of the conversation then you may join in. Pay close attention to who the key players are in the group. Be sure to join in on the topic being discussed don't immediately start talking about employment unless of course that is the topic. Establish yourself to the group first and develop a couple of solid relationships.

Fundamental to good electronic networking is knowing when to post or respond to someone. There are a few rules it is imperative to follow. Always keep in mind that you are communicating possibly to the whole world. Practically anyone can read your message. Therefore, your communication should be directed to the community at large. It is possible to communicate to only one or two people by sending your message directly to them vial email.

Step 4: INDIVIDUALIZE YOUR RESUME

You have spent a good deal of time canvassing employers, and have perhaps been asked by more than one to submit a resume. The question now is "How do you submit a resume so that it will get you an interview?"

Step 5: FILL OUT AN APPLICATION

Your resume has taken you one step further in your job search and an employer has asked you to fill out an application form. Some employers will consider your resume and letter to be the job application. However, larger organizations will usually require that you fill a standard form. The form will be fairly straightforward, but a few tips can help you in filling it out.

THE NEXT STEP

If you have been through all five steps in this section on the job search, you've done a lot of work. You've listed your skills and experiences, determined the kind of job you are looking for, turned to a number of sources to look for both advertised and unadvertised jobs, and contacted several employers. If you have been successful in your job search, you've been asked for your resume and you've filled out application forms. Now you wait to hear from the employers. If you have sent an application form to an employer and have not heard anything for two weeks or so, it is acceptable to follow-up with a phone call.

If you are contacted for an interview, you are ready to move on to the next section of this booklet. This is your chance to introduce yourself and convince the employer that you are the right person for the job! First impressions count!

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